Echinophyllia tarae sp. n. (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Scleractinia), a new reef coral species from the Gambier Islands, French Polynesia | Tara, a schooner for the planet

Echinophyllia tarae sp. n. (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Scleractinia), a new reef coral species from the Gambier Islands, French Polynesia

© F.Benzoni/J.Teigné/Tara Oceans

Tara Oceans

Francesca Benzoni

Department of Biotechnology and Biosciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 2, 20126

Milan, Italy

Corresponding author: Francesca Benzoni

Academic editor: Bert Hoeksema | Received 18 April 2012 | Accepted 19 July 2013 | Published 24 July 2013

Citation: Benzoni F (2013) Echinophyllia tarae sp. n. (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Scleractinia), a new reef coral species from the Gambier Islands, French Polynesia. ZooKeys

 

publi
Upload PDF

Abstract

A new shallow water scleractinian coral species, Echinophyllia tarae sp. n., is described from the Gambier Islands, French Polynesia. It is characterized by an encrusting corallum, a few large and highly variable corallites with protruding walls, and distinctive costosepta. This coral was observed in muddy environments where several colonies showed partial mortality and re-growth. The new species has morphological affinities with both E. echinata and with Echinomorpha nishihirai, from which it can be distinguished on the basis of the diameter and the protrusion of the largest corallite, the thickness of the septa, and the development of the size of the crown of paliform lobes.

Keywords

Lobophylliidae, Echinophyllia echinata, Echinomorpha nishihirai, Tara Oceans Expedition